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Writing tricks: what is the body of an essay?


There are three main parts to an essay. The first is the introduction or introductory paragraph. This does exactly what it sounds like it does. It introduces the topic that you are going to write about. It gives the reader the information that it needs to understand the paper even if the reader never heard of the topic before. The second part of an essay is the body paragraphs. This is the meat of the paper. It is where you prove your thesis and present all of your information. It is the most essential piece. It usually is at least three paragraphs long but I can be more or less. The last part is the conclusion. This is the part of your essay where you wrap things up. You will restate your thesis and bring the paper together.

Let’s look more at the body of the essay because it is the most important part. In a five paragraph essay format which is the most common, you will have three paragraphs in the body section. Each of the three paragraphs is designed to present a different supporting fact to prove the thesis. You would want to make sure that you do not talk about more than one supporting reason in each paragraph.

Here is how you set it up:


  • Each body paragraph should either start with a transitional phrase or end with one. Transitional phrases help guide the reader through the paper. They are very important to maintaining the flow throughout the paper.
  • Each body paragraph should state the main supporting detail. It should state the main reason for writing the paragraph. For example, “the first reason why you should include the main reason in the body paragraph is to let the reader know what you are trying to prove”.
  • The reason should be supported by factual evidence or other statements proving the main reason. Try to have at least two reasons and list them and explain how they prove the supporting detail.

The second and third paragraphs will follow each featuring a new reason to support your thesis. You will see once you get to the end of the body paragraphs that a transition may be necessary before you start your conclusion. Do not be afraid to start and end every body paragraph with a transition. This is a great way to keep your reader in sync with your paper.